How Climate Change Affects Health and What Should We Do to Prevent It
Climate change, observed since the beginning of the XXI century, is one of the most controversial topics, the proof of which we get from TVs, pages of newspapers and magazines. Opinions of scientists are radically different from each other, and world congresses on environmental issues are filled with heated discussions on global warming. But facts are facts – the climate is changing, the climate change affects health, and the consequences of such a change will certainly disrupt the usual course of human life.
Climate Change and Public Health
Climate change is affecting well-being. An increase in temperature causes a corresponding increase in the length of the pollination period by 10-12 days. Respiratory diseases, including allergies, in this regard, are gaining momentum.
Amid climate warming, new outbreaks of diseases transmitted by pathogens such as mosquitoes and ticks are being discovered. Those diseases that were previously predominantly prevalent in tropical latitudes now have every opportunity to spread deep into the continents.
Scientists predict an increase in the number of infectious diseases caused by pathogenic organisms, and by the end of the XXI century, the number of cases may increase by 1.5 times.
Children’s Health in the Spotlight
Pediatricians have begun to argue that a changing global climate is disproportionately affecting children’s health. A study published in the journal Pediatrics says that doctors already notice the serious effects of the climate crisis on children’s health. This could nullify the progress made in the fight against child mortality over the past 25 years. Already today, children take on 88% of the pressure created by climatic conditions.
Prospects and Solutions
The effects of climate on human health will not be uniform throughout the world. It is believed that the population of developing countries, especially small island states, arid and alpine zones, as well as densely populated coastal areas, will be especially vulnerable. Fortunately, many of the health hazards can be avoided through existing health programs and activities. Concerted action to strengthen the core elements of health systems and stimulate healthy development paths can improve public health now and also reduce vulnerability to climate change in the future.
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Tags: nature, weather, physics, changes, Earth, climate, health
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