The Most Expensive Consequences of Natural Disasters
The number of natural disasters, as well as their destructive power, has increased significantly over the past decades. The presence of modern systems, which make it possible to predict a natural catastrophe with almost 100% probability, unfortunately, does not make it possible to completely avoid the loss of human life and greater financial resources for restoration after their succession. Here is the list of the most economically “expensive” natural disasters.
The Earthquake in Syria, 2001
The most dangerous earthquake in the entire history of humankind occurred in the territory of Egypt and Syria, in the summer of 2001. This was one of the worst natural disasters of all time. This disaster shook much of the Mediterranean, and killed about a million people, causing enormous destruction. Virtually all major cities in the Middle East were affected by this earthquake. Real financial losses are not calculated until today.
Japanese Earthquake, 2011
Today, there are echoes of the consequences of the most powerful nine-point earthquake in Japan in 2011. It provoked a tsunami with a height of 30 m, which demolished everything living and non-living in its path. According to various estimates, about 20 thousand people died and went missing. the Japanese government estimates that direct losses are $300 billion.
The damage from Katrina, a powerful hurricane that occurred in 2005, makes it the most expensive natural cataclysm of America since the founding of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in 1979. At that time, the government allocated $ 31.3 billion for humanitarian aid, infrastructure rehabilitation, and the restoration of destroyed private property.
Strongest Rain in Australia, 2010
In December 2010, the country faced heavy rain, which continued in January. Vast territories were flooded in Victoria and Queensland, more than 20 people died. According to various estimates, flood damage amounted to $ 10 billion.
The deadly wave was the result of the largest earthquake in the history of the Indian Ocean on December 26, 2004. Its magnitude on the Richter scale was 9 points, as a result of which a tsunami was formed, whose height in the coastal zone was 15 meters, and in the surge zone – 30 meters. One and a half hours after the earthquake, it reached the shores of Thailand, two hours later – Sri Lanka and India, and killed 250 thousand people.
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