Extreme Weather Conditions in 2018

Extreme weather can become much deadlier this year according to the point of scientists. Higher temperatures lead to more frequent and long-lasting heat waves causing adverse environmental impacts. Extreme temperatures, for instance, affect human health in the form of heat strokes, heat cramps, and even death; the agricultural sector faces retarded crop growth, and the energy sector experiences difficulties coming up with the increasing use of cooling during high temperatures.

Extreme weather-related events are increasing worldwide, reminds Stefan Rahmstorf of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research.

“Our Earth is once again being hit by extreme weather, including extreme heat and wildfires in California, and devastating floods of rain in Japan. Based on the laws of physics, due to global warming, we must expect more frequent and worsening events,” he wrote in a statement.

Extreme weather events

Addressing the dangers associated with extreme weather conditions, the Executive Secretary of the UN Climate Change Patricia Espinosa said:

“We must keep an eye on the future. As the superstorms and monsoon flooding of last year and the extreme heat and extreme cold of this year show – we still have a long way to go to deliver on the promise of the Paris Climate Change Agreement”.

May 2018 was the fourth warmest May on record, the 42nd consecutive May and the 401st consecutive month above the XX century average. The US space agency NASA, which uses a slightly different analysis, also found that May was the fourth warmest May on record, whilst the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting Copernicus Climate Change Service ranked it as third.

This year, record warmth was observed across parts of North America, Europe and Asia, as well as the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans.

“These estimates are really alarming, but our scenario is not the worst we could choose — it is the medium scenario of greenhouse gas emissions,” – says Giovanni Forzieri, a co-author of the study from the European Commission Joint Research Centre in Italy.

In addition to long-term climate change indicators, high-impact weather events also continued unabated during the first five months of the year. The start of the South-Asian monsoon season brought unusually heavy rainfall to Bangladesh, adding to the misery of hundreds of thousands of refugees.

Floods affected many other people and killed dozens in East Africa. Rare tropical cyclones hit Somalia, Djibouti, Yemen and Oman. Sand and dust storms in India killed several hundred people, whilst Pakistan suffered successive heatwaves.

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